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Type 1 diabetes symptoms

 Type 1 diabetes symptoms



In children and young adults, the common symptoms of type 1 diabetes tend to appear over a very short

 period of time, days or weeks. Type 1 diabetes in adults tends to develop and develop more slowly.

Type 1 diabetes, if not treated in time, can be life-threatening. When the lack of insulin prevents the cells of the body from receiving glucose from the blood, the body is forced to search for alternative energy sources, and to exploit the fats and proteins in the tissues for this purpose. When the fats are broken down, ketones are produced, the accumulation of which leads to an increase in the acidity of the blood, until a state of diabetic ketoacidosis is reached - an emergency that requires treatment, otherwise there will be a real danger to life. Symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis may include vomiting, dehydration, fruity breath, fast heartbeat, heavy or rapid breathing or hyperventilation, confusion or loss of direction and changes in the state of consciousness.

In 25 percent of cases of type 1 diabetes, the patient first sees a doctor when he or she has diabetic ketoacidosis. Recognizing the main symptoms of type 1 diabetes can help diagnose before a life-threatening condition arises. 

Feeling very thirsty

One of the main symptoms in children and adults with type 1 diabetes is feeling very thirsty - feeling thirsty all the time or more thirst than usual that persists even after drinking. Excessive thirst in children is characterized by a change in water drinking patterns - if the child wakes up in the night and asks to drink, when he was not used to it before, or if he finishes the glass of water quickly and drinks more afterwards, and if this is repeated over several days, This may be an indication of diabetes. The feeling of extreme thirst is usually accompanied by a dry mouth. Excessive thirst can also be caused by type 2 diabetes and additional health conditions.


 


Excessive urination

An additional main symptom of type 1 diabetes is hyperdiuresis - the result of an excess of sugar that the body wants to get rid of. This is a change in urination patterns compared to before - for example, when a child starts running to the toilet during the day. People and children who did not get up to go to the toilet at night and started getting up to urinate two or three times a night. Urinary incontinence can occur at night, in children, and even in adults who have recently had the disease. It is enough for these phenomena to last for several days to light a red lamp in front of us. Excessive urination is a symptom of type 2 diabetes as well, and it can have many additional causes.

extreme tiredness

The third primary symptom of type 1 diabetes is extreme tiredness/fatigue, which occurs due to a lack of sugar in the cells and the breakdown of tissues to provide an alternative source of energy. Fatigue is characterized by a lack of energy, difficulty performing simple daily tasks and emotional fatigue that is manifested by changes in mental state and mood, such as irritability and depression.

Uneplained decrease in weight and loss of muscle mass

Unexplained weight loss, which is sometimes rapid, despite often increased appetite, in addition to other symptoms, may indicate type 1 diabetes. The reason for this is that the lack of insulin prevents the cells of the body from obtaining glucose from the blood, which is a source of energy for them. In this case, the body begins to break down fat and muscle to form a source of energy, which leads to a decrease in weight and muscle mass. 

These four symptoms are the main symptoms of type 1 diabetes. However, there may be additional symptoms accompanying these symptoms:

Changes in appetite

Type 1 diabetes, if left untreated, can result in increased appetite. The lack of insulin does not allow glucose to enter the cells (in other words - the body does not succeed in converting food into energy) and the lack of energy leads to feelings of extreme hunger. When the main symptoms of diabetes are accompanied by severe loss of appetite in particular, it is important to seek immediate medical treatment, as this may be a sign of diabetic ketoacidosis. 

blurred vision

If blood sugar levels are higher than they should be, fluid may be drawn from body tissues, including the lenses of the eyes. Dry eyes can lead to blurred (blurred) vision.

Genital itching

Itching in the genitals, in both sexes, can be caused by many factors, including diabetes. In people with diabetes, very high levels of sugar in the blood and urine form an excellent environment for fungi, and in parallel, the body's ability to fight infections is compromised.

since these things can be signs of diabetic ketoacidosis.

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